Šumava Biosphere Reserve

The Šumava Biosphere reserve is spread across the mountain region spanning the Austrian and German borders. The entire area was affected by the human activities and has been used since the 10th century (e.g. for gold mining, glass manufacturing...)

OrchidejTatřev hlušec

Šumava is also the last great Central European territory with extensive utilisation.

Virgin mountain forests, original glacial lakes, peat bogs, rivers with canyons; all these are values that have been preserved until the present day and are so richly present in this territory.

The forest covers more than 65% of the biosphere surface (flowering and acidophilic beech woods, mountain spruce woods, peat pine forests...); in comparison with the Šumava National Park, where the percentage of forest area representation is higher (83.8%).

The local peat bogs are undoubtedly the most interesting element.
Similarly, extensively used level formations that can be found from the altitude of 1000 m in the central part of Šumava. This vast territory is used as meadows or pastures.

The area is a home to a wide range of species of rare animals. Among some of the more interesting species living in the area are the northern birch mouse and the reintroduced, very rare lynx. The wild birds include capercaillie and black grouse. The Blanice River headwater area has the largest presence of pearl mussel in the Czech Republic.

Date of issue 27. March 1990 and area: 1670 km2

Administrative divisions: South Bohemia Region, Pilsen Region

Human activities affecting the territory: Forestry, agriculture, tourism, recreation, winter sports, stone and gravel quarrying, peat extraction, scientific research

Methods of protecting the territory:
At national level: Šumava National Park, Šumava Protected Landscape Area, 89 nature reserves and monuments
Natura 2000 - 2 SPA (according to EU Birds Directive)
Boletice (15.12. 2004, 24 km2)
Šumava (8.12. 2004, 97 km2)
Natura 2000 - 23 SCI
(according to the EU directive on Habitats)
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
(Šumava peat bogs, 10.226 km2)

Ecological characteristics:
Bionomics: Mixed and coniferous forests, mild climate 475 - 1378 above see level
Climate: Mild continental up to oceanic Cold to moderately warm region (oreo + mesophyticum). Average temperature (ranges): 7 - 3ーC / 800 - 1300 mm

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