Landscape Care Programme

The Landscape Care Programme (hereafter referred to as the LCP) is organized annually by the Ministry of Environment, to promote measures aimed at maintaining and improving the condition of the natural environment. This usually involves the implementation of single or multiple management measures, leading to the maintenance of the species and habitat diversity. All these measures have a strict non-investment character.
The Šumava National Park applies category D measures - Care of specially protected territories and specially protected flora and fauna species.
A separate and the most comprehensive chapter of the LCP is the care of non-forest ecosystems, especially meadows, pastures and all non-productive areas with the appearance of protected and endangered plant species and their entire communities. This involves the implementation of agricultural management, such as the implementation of unprofitable traditional activities on agricultural land, which maintain the desired species composition, in particular the range of protected and endangered plant species. The applied management measures primarily include the extensive and controlled grazing of sheep and cattle (or a combined method of grazing), manual mowing or mowing using light mechanization, within a specified period of the season. An important prerequisite for the success of most of the activities is the avoidance of the important water regime for the particular type of habitat.

In addition, a program to save crayfish and lynx was put in place in recent years, as well as the reintroduction program for the Ural owl. Other measures were implemented in order to save the gene pool of the red yew. Clonal archives for Norway spruce and Šumava pine of the plateau ecotype were established. The LCP program also included a number of revitalisation measures, for example at Černohorský moor or the swamp peat bog at Soumarský Most.

One of the examples of care for protected and endangered animal species, is the project "Monitoring, reintroduction and strengthening of existing stocks of crayfish (Astacus astacus) in Šumava NP and PLA", prepared by the South Bohemian University in České Budějovice, Vodňany Research Institute of Fishing and Hydrobiology. This project involves the monitoring and evaluation of existing sites with an observed incidence of crayfish and selection of a suitable location for re-introduction into Šumava NP and PLA. The advantage of using the existing stocks of crayfish for reintroduction within other locations is their geographic proximity and thus the assumption of good acclimatisation to new environmental conditions.

More information about the status of the project and the results achieved can be obtained from the report: "Monitoring, reintroduction and strengthening of existing stocks of crayfish (Astacus astacus) in Šumava NP" for 2006 - researchers: South Bohemian University in České Budějovice,Vodňany Research Institute of Fishing and hydrobiology, (Ing. Pavel Kozák, Ph.D., Ing. Tomáš Policar, Ph.D.). The report is filed with Ing. Eva Zelenková at the Administration office of Šumava NP and PLA in Vimperk.

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