From the regional-geological perspective, Šumava National Park consists of two main geological units - Moldanubicum and Moldanubicum Pluton.

Moldanubicum is an agglomeration of medium to highly metamorphosed rocks (gneisses, migmatites, quartzites, erlans etc.), allocated to the so called monotonous unit. The age of the Moldanubic rocks is generally still unclear and according to different authors, it ranges from the Lower Proterozoic up to the Older Paleozoic.

The geologically explored territories of Šumava National Park is generally at a low level because since the 1960s, when the 1:200 000 mapping took place, the whole of the region has found itself on the periphery of geological research. However, in recent years, there has been an increase in geological activity, focusing on several areas.

Significant geological and geomorphologic locations
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